Short Dictionary of Specific Epithets

Excluded are epithets referring to person or place.  Included are epithets referring to structure, form, habit, color, habitat, and other descriptive terms. Still the list is hardly begun after 702 items.  I feel some resistance to continue, because you should have no need to discover these meanings if you accept my argument that plant names are just names. What is important is that those names be unique. Unfortunately, it is too much to hope for them to be unchanging.  Be sure to note reference #10 on the previous page.

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abbreviatus, a, um , = shortened (all endings are appropriate depending upon the gender of the genus name, i.e., abbreviatus, abbreviata, abbreviatum)
acaulis, e , = without a stem (acaulis, acaule)
acer, acris , = acrid
aculeatus, a, um , = prickly, thorny
acuminatus, a, um , = tapering to a long point
acutifolius, a, um , = with sharp leaves
adscendens , = ascending
aduncus, a, um , = hooked
aestivalis, e , = summer-flowering
affinis, e , = related
aggregatus, a, um , = clustered
alatus, a, um , = winged
albescens , = becoming white
albicaulis, e , = with white stems
albidus, a, um , = white
albiflorus, a, um , = with white flowers
albococcineus, a, um , = white and scarlet
albus, a, um , = white
alpestris, e , = alpine
alpinus, a, um , = alpine
altissimus, a, um , = tallest
amabilis, e , = beautiful
amaranticolor , = purple
amarus, a, um , = bitter-tasting
ambiguus, a, um , = doubtful
amblyodon , = blunt-toothed
amethystinus, a, um , = violet-coloured
amoenus, a, um , = attractive
amplexicaulis, e , = clasping the stem
angularis, e , = angular
angulatus, a, um , = angular
angustifolius, a, um , = with narrow leaves
annuus, a, um , = annual
anomalus, a, um , = unusual
appendiculatus, a, um , = with an appendage
arachnoides , = cobwebby
arborescens , = tree-like
arboreus, a, um , = tree-like
arenarius, a, um , = in sandy places
arenosus, a, um , = from sandy places
argenteus, a, um , = silvery
argophyllus, a, um , = with silvery leaves
aristosus, a, um , = bearded
articulatus, a, um , = jointed
arvensis, e , = found on cultivated land
asper, era, erum , = rough
asteriasis , = star-like
atomarius, a, um , = finely dotted
atratus, a, um , = clothed in black
atrocaeruleus, a, um , = dark blue
atrococcineus, a, um , = dark scarlet
atropurpureus, a, um , = dark purple
atrosanguineus, a, um , = dark red
atroviolaceus, a, um , = dark violet
attenuatus, a, um , = drawn to a point
aurantiacus, a, um , = orange-red
aureopurpureus, a, um , = golden-purple
aureus, a, um , = golden
auriculatus, a, um , = eared
auritus, a, um , = with long ears
autumnalis, e , = flowering in autumn
axillaris, e , = borne in the axils
azureus, a, um , = sky-blue
baccatus, a, um , = with a berry-like fruit
barbatus, a, um , = bearded
barbigerus, a, um , = furnished with beards
benedictus, a, um , = blessed
bicolor , = of two colours
biennis , = biennial
biflorus, a, um , = with two flowers
bifrons , = with two faces
bipartitus, a, um , = twice-parted
bipinnatifidus, a, um , = cut twice in a pinnate manner
bipinnatus, a, um , = twice-pinnate
bistorta , = an old generic name meaning twice-twisted
bonus, a, um , = good
borealis, e , = from the North
brachiatus, a, um , = branched at right angles
brachypetalus, a, um , = with short petals
bracteatus, a, um , = bearing bracts
brevipes , = with a short foot, e.g. a short pedicel
breviscapus, a, um , = with a short stem
bulbosus, a, um , = bulbous
bullatus, a, um , = swollen, puckered or blistered
caeruleus, a, um , = sky-blue
caespitosus, a, um , = tufted
calendulaceus, a, um , = resembling Calendula in colour, flame-coloured
calycanthemus, a, um , = with petaloid sepals
calycinus, a, um , = having a persistent calyx
calyptocarpus, a, um , = with hooded fruit
campanulatus, a, um , = bell-shaped
campestris, e , = found in plains or similar level places
campylocalyx , = with a curved calyx
candicans , = whitish, referring to appearance of plants
candidissimus, a, um , = very white
candidus, a, um , = white
canescens , = becoming white; applied to plants covered with greyish-white pubescence
cannabinus, a, um , = hemp-like
canus, a, um , = hoary-white
capillaris, e , = hair-like
capitatus, a, um , = having a head
cardinalis, e , = cardinal
cardiopetalus, a, um , = with heart-shaped petals
carinatus, a, um , = keeled
carminatus, a, um , = carmine
carmineus, a, um , = carmine
carneus, a, um , = flesh-colorured
caudatus, a, um , = with a tail
caudigerus, a, um , = bearing a tail
caulescens , = with a stem
ceratocaulis, e , = with a horny stem
chloranthus, a, um , = with green flowers
chorostachyus, a, um , = with yellowish spikes
chromanthus, a, um , = with coloured flowers
chrysanthus, a, um , = with golden flowers
chrysops , = with a golden eye
chrysotomus, a, um , = with a golden throat or mouth
ciconius, a, um , = stork-like
ciliatus, a, um , = fringed with hairs
cinereus, a, um , = ash-coloured
cinnabarinus, a, um , = cinnabar-red
cirrhosus, a, um , = furnished with tendrils
citrinus, a, um , = citron-yellow
coccineus, a, um , = scarlet
coelestinus, a, um , = sky-blue
coeruleus, a, um , = sky-blue
collinus, a, um , = found growing on hills
colorans , = coloured
colosseus, a, um , = gigantic
colubrinus, a, um , = snake-like
columnaris, e , = columnar
columniferus, a, um , = bearing a column
communis, e , = common
comosus, a, um , = furnished with tufts of leaves or hairs
compactus, a, um , = compact
compressus, a, um , = compressed
concinnus, a, um , = attractively neat
confertus, a, um , = crowded
congestus, a, um , = congested
conicus, a, um , = cone-shaped
conoideus, a, um , = resembling a cone
consanguineus, a, um , = closely related
consolidus, a, um , = solid or firm
contortus, a, um , = twisted
coracinus, a, um , = raven-black
cordatus, a, um , = heart-shaped
cordifolius, a, um , = with heart-shaped leaves
corniculatus, a, um , = having a horned capsule
cornigerus, a, um , = bearing horns
cornucopiae , = like the Horn of Plenty
cornutus, a, um , = horned
coronarius, a, um , = used for making garlands
coronatus, a, um , = crowned
corymbiflorus, a, um , = with the flowers borne in a corymb
corymbosus, a, um , = corymbose
crenatiflorus, a, um , = with notched flowers
crinitus, a, um , = covered with hairs
crispus, a, um , = with curled or wavy margins
cristatus, a, um , = crested
croceus, a, um , = saffron-yellow
cruciatus, a, um , = cross-like
cruentus, a, um , = bloody
crystallinus, a, um , = crystalline
cubicus, a, um , = cubical
cuneatus, a, um , = wedge-shaped
cupreus, a, um , = copper-coloured
cuspidatus, a, um , = ending in a sharp, stiff point
cyananthus, a, um , = with clear blue flowers
cyaneus, a, um , = dark blue
cylindraceus, a, um , = cylindrical
cylindricus, a, um , = cylindrical
debilis, e , = weak
decumbens , = with prostrate stems, the tips ascending
decurrens , = running down, e.g. a leaf prolonged beyond the point of insertion and running down the stem
deflexus, a, um , = bent sharply in a downward direction
delicatus, a, um , = delicate
demissus, a, um , = hanging down; low or weak
densiflorus, a, um , = with dense flowers
dentatus, a, um , = toothed
dentosus, a, um , = toothed
depressus, a, um , = depressed
desertorum , = found in the deserts
detonsus, a, um , = shorn off
diacanthus, a, um , = with two spines
dichotomus, a, um , = divided or forked in pairs
diffusus, a, um , = loosely spreading
discigerus, a, um , = bearing a disk
discoidalis, e , = orbicular
discoideus, a, um , = discoid
discolor , = of different colours
dissectus, a, um , = deeply cut
dissitiflorus, a, um , = remotely flowered
divaricatus, a, um , = widely spreading
divergens , = divergent
diversifolium, a, um , = with variable leaves
dodecandrus, a, um , = with twelve stamens
dubius, a, um , = doubtful
duplex , = double
eburneus, a, um , = ivory-white
echinatus, a, um , = prickly
elatior, ius , = taller
elatus, a, um , = tall
elegans , = elegant
elegantissumus, a, um , = most elegant
elegantulus, a, um , = somewhat elegant
elongatus, a, um , = elongated
eminens , = prominent, lofty
erectus, a, um , = erect
eriocarpus, a, um , = with woolly fruit
eriophorus, a, um , = wool-bearing
eriostachyus, a, um , = with woolly spikes
erubescens , = blushing
erythrocarpus, a, um , = with red fruit
esculentus, a, um , = edible
exaltatus, a, um , = very tall
excelsior, ius , = noble
excelsus, a, um , = tall
eximius, a, um , = strikingly unusual
explodens , = exploding
falcatus, a, um , = shaped like a sickle
falciformis, e , = in the form of a sickle
farinosus, a, um , = mealy
fastuosus, a, um , = proud
ferox , = very thorny
ferrugineus, a, um , = rust-coloured
filicaulis, e , = with thread-like stems
filicifolius, a, um , = with fern-like leaves
filifolius, a, um , = with thread-like leaves
filipes , = with thread-like stalks
fimbriatus, a, um , = fringed
fistulosus, a, um , = tubular
flaccidus, a, um , = weak
flammeus, a, um , = flame-coloured
flavulus, a, um , = yellow
flavus, a, um , = yellow
flexuosus, a, um , = tortuous, winding
floccosus, a, um , = woolly
flore-pleno , = with double flowers
floribundus, a, um , = free-flowering
floriferus, a, um , = flower-bearing
florulentus, a, um , = flowery
foeniculaceus, a, um , = resembling fennel
foetidissimus, a, um , = very foetid
formosus, a, um , = beautiful
fragilis, e , = brittle
fragrans , = sweet-scented
frondosus, a, um , = leafy
frutescens , = shrubby
fruticohybrida , = hybrid between shrubby species
fruticulosus, a, um , = small and shrubby
fugax , = fleeting
fullonum , = of the fullers
fulvus, a, um , = reddish-yellow
fungosus, a, um , = spongy
gallicus, a, um , = from France
germanicus, a, um , = from Germany
giganteus, a, um , = huge
giganthes , = gigantic
glaber, bra, brum , = smooth
glabratus, a, um , = somewhat smooth
glanduligerus, a, um , = gland-bearing
glandulosus, a, um , = glandular
glaucescens , = becoming glaucous
glaucus, a, um , = covered with a greyish bloom; blue-grey
globosus, a, um , = spherical
glochidiatus, a, um , = pubescent, with barbed bristles
glomeratus, a, um , = clustered in a round mass
glutinosus, a, um , = sticky
gossypinus, a, um , = covered with cottony hairs
gracilis, e , = graceful
gramineus, a, um , = grass-like
grandiflorus, a, um , = with large flowers
grandis, e , = large
gruinus, a, um , = shaped like the bill of a crane
guttatus, a, um , = spotted
gyrans , = revolving
hastatus, a, um , = spear-shaped
hederaceus, a, um , = ivy-like
helianthus, a, um , = sun-flower
herbaceus, a, um , = herbaceous, not woody
herbeohybrida , = hybrid between herbaceous species
heterophyllus, a, um , = with leaves of different kinds
heterotrichus, a, um , = covered with variously shaped hairs
hirsutissimus, a, um , = very hairy
hirsutus, a, um , = hairy
hirtus, a, um , = hairy
hispidulus, a, um , = somewhat bristly
hispidus, a, um , = bristly
holopetalus, a, um , = with entire petals
horridulus, a, um , = somewhat prickly
hortensis, e , = of the garden
humilis, e , = low-growing
hybridus, a, um , = hybrid
hyperboreus, a, um , = from the far North
hypochondriacus, a, um , = melancholy
igneus, a, um , = fiery
imperialis, e , = imperial
icanus, a, um , = white-hoary
incisifolius, a, um , = with cut leaves
incurvus, a, um , = incurved
indivisus, a, um , = not divided
inermis, e , = unarmed, without spines
inflatus, a, um , = swollen
inodorus, a, um , = scentless
insanus, a, um , = insane
insignis, e , = distinguished
integerrinus, a, um , = completely entire
integrifolius, a, um , = with entire leaves
intermedius, a, um , = intermediate
interruptus, a, um , = interrupted
intertextus, a, um , = interwoven
involucratus, a, um , = with an involucre
irriguus, a, um , = watered
junceus, a, um , = rush-like
kermesinus, a, um , = carmine
laciniatus, a, um , = divided into narrow lobes as though torn
laciniosus, a, um , = laciniate
lacteus, a, um , = milk-coloured
lactiflorus, a, um , = with milk-coloured flowers
lacunosus, a, um , = holed or pitted
laetus, a, um , = vivid
laevicaulis, e , = with smooth stems
laevigatus, a um , = smooth
laevis, e , = smooth
lanatus, a, um , = woolly
lanceolatus, a, um , = lance-shaped
lancifolius, a, um , = with lance-shaped leaves
lanuginosus, a, um , = woolly
lateritius, a, um , = brick-red
latifolius, a, um , = with broad leaves
leianthus, a, um , = with smooth flowers
leiocarpus, a, um , = with smooth fruits
lenticularis, e , = lenticular
leptocarpus, a, um , = with slender fruit
leptocladus, a, um , = with slender shoots
leptophyllus, a, um , = with slender leaves
leptorhiza , = with slender roots
leptostachyus, a, um , = with slender spikes
leucanthus, a, um , = with white flowers
leucocaulis, e , = with white stems
leucolepis , = with white scales
ligulosus, a, um , = liguled
lilacinus, a, um , = lilac
limbatus, a, um , = bordered
linearifolius, a, um , = with narrow leaves
linearis, e , = linear
lingulatus, a, um , = shaped like a tongue
littoralis, e , = from the sea-shore
lobatus, a, um , = lobed
longestylus, a, um , = long-styled
longiflorus, a, um , = with long flowers
longifolius, a, um , = with long leaves
lucidus, a, um , = shining
luteolus, a, um , = yellowish
lutescens , = yellowish
luteus, a, um , = yellow
lyratus, a, um , = lyrate
machrostachyus, a, um , = with long spikes
macranthus, a, um , = with large flowers
macrocarpus, a, um , = with large fruit
macrophyllus, a, um , = with large leaves
macrosiphon , = with a large tube
macrostoma , = with a large mouth
macrostylus, a, um , = with a large style
maculatus, a, um , = spotted
maculosus, a, um , = spotted
magnificus, a, um , = magnificent
major, us , = great
margaritaceus, a, um , = pearly
marginatus, a, um , = margined
maritimus, a, um , = found growing on the coast
marmoratus, a, um , = mottled
matronalis, e , = belonging to a married woman
maximus, a, um , = largest
medius, a, um , = intermediate
melananthus, a, um , = with black flowers
melancholicus, a, um , = drooping
melanospermus, a, um , = with dark-coloured seeds
melliferus, a, um , = bearing honey
meridionalis, e , = found towards the South
micranthus, a, um , = with small flowers
microcarpus, a, um , = with small fruit
micropetalus, a, um , = with small petals
miniatus, a, um , = cinnabar-red
minimus, a, um , = smallest
minor, us , = small
minutus, a, um , = minute
mirabilis, e , = wonderful
mollis, e , = soft
mollissimus, a, um , = very soft
monandrus, a, um , = with one perfect stamen
monstrosus, a, um , = monstrous
montanus, a, um , = found in mountainous places
moschatus, a um , = musk-scented
motorium , = moving
mucronatus, a, um , = ending in a short, sharp point
multibracteatus, a, um , = with many bracts
multicaulis, e , = with many stems
multicolor , = of many colours
multifidus, a, um , = divided many times
multiflorus, a, um , = with many flowers
multipunctatus, a, um , = marked with numerous dots
multisiliquosus, a, um , = with many siliquas
multiradiatus, a, um , = with numerous rays
muralis, e , = found growing on walls
muricatus, a, um , = covered wiith short, hard points
muscipulus, a, um , = fly-catching
mutabilis, e , = variable
muticus, a, um , = blunt
nanus, a, um , = dwarf
nasutus, a, um , = big-nosed
nebulosus, a, um , = nebulous
nervosus, a, um , = nerved
niger, ra rum , = black
nigrescens , = becoming black
nitidus, a, um , = shining
nivalis, e , = found growing in or near snow
niveus, a, um , = snow-white
noctiflorus, a, um , = flowering at night
nocturnalis, e , = night-flowering
nodiflorus, a, um , = with flowers borne at the nodes
nudicaulis, e , = with leafless stems
nudiflorus, a, um , = with bare flowers
nutans , = nodding
obconicus, a, um , = inversely conical
oblongatus, a, um , = oblong
obscurus, a, um , = obscure
occidentalis, e , = western
ochroleucus, a, um , = yellowish-white
oculatus, a, um , = with an eye
odoratus, a, um , = fragrant
odoriferus, a, um , = fragrant
officinalis, e , = used medicinally
officinarum , = of the apothecaries
oleraceus, a, um , = eaten as a vegetable
ophiocarpus, a, um , = snake-fruited
oppositifolius, a, um , = with opposite leaves
orbicularis, e , = round
orientalis, e , = eastern
ornatus, a, um , = adorned
ovalifolius, a, um , = with oval leaves
ovatus, a, um , = ovate
oviferus, a, um , = egg-bearing
pallidus, a, um , = pale
palmatus, a, um , = lobed like a hand
palustris, e , = found growing in swampy places
paniculatus, a, um , = paniculate
papilionaceus, a, um , = like a butterfly
paradoxus, a, um , = strange
parviflorus, a, um , = with small flowers
patens , = spreading
patulus, a, um , = spreading
pauciflorus, a, um , = few-flowered
pavoninus, a, um , = like a peacock
pectinatus, a, um , = comb-like
pedatus, a, um , = palmately divided, with the lateral divisions two-cleft
peduncularis, e , = stalked
pedunculatus, a, um , = stalked
peltatus, a, um , = target-shaped
peltophorus, a, um , = shield-bearing
penduliferus, a, um , = pendulous
penduliflorus, a, um , = with pendulous flowers
pendulus, a, um , = pendulous
pennatus, a, um , = incised in a pinnate manner
pentagonus, a, um , = five-angled
pentapetaloides , = like five petals
pentaphyllus, a, um , = five-leaved
peregrinus, a, um , = exotic
perennans , = perennial
perennis, e , = perennial
perfectus, a, um , = complete
perfoliatus, a, um , = with the leaf surrounding the stem
petiolaris, e , = with stalked leaves
petiolatus, a, um , = petioled
petraeus, a, um , = growing among rocks
phoeniceus, a, um , = red-purple
pictus, a, um , = painted
pilosus, a, um , = soft-hairy
pinnatifidus, a, um , = pinnately cut
pinnatus, a, um , = with leaflets arraanged on each side of a common petiole
plantagineus, a, um , = resembling plantain
platycentrus, a, um , = with a broad spur
platyglossus, a, um , = with a broad tongue
platypetalus, a, um , = with broad petals
platyphyllus, a, um , = with broad leaves
platytaenius, a, um , = borad-banded
plenissimus, a, um , = fully double
plicatus, a, um , = folded
plumosus, a, um , = feathery
pluvialis, e , = produced by rain
pogonanthus, a, um , = with flowers bearing long hairs
politus, a, um , = polished or refined
polyanthus, a, um , = with many flowers
polycephalus, a, um , = with many heads
polygamus, a, um , = with both perfect and imperfect flowers
polylepis , = with many scales
pomeridianus, a, um , = of the afternoon
praecox, ocis , = early flowering
primulinus, a, um , = like a primrose
prismaticus, a, um , = prism-shaped
proboscideus, a, um , = like a proboscis
procerus, a, um , = tall
procumbens , = lying along the ground
profusus, a, um , = profuse
proliferus, a, um , = proliferous
propinquus, a, um , = related to
prostratus, a, um , = prostrate
psittacinus, a, um , = of the parrot
puberulus, a, um , = covered with somewhat downy hairs
pubescens , = covered with downy hairs
pudicus, a, um , = retiring
pulchellus, a, um , = beautiful
pulcherrimus, a, um , = very beautiful
pulcher, chra, chrum , = beautiful
pulverulentus, a, um , = dusty
pumilus, a, um , = dwarf
punctatus, a, um , = marked with dots
pungens , = sharp-pointed, pricking
puniceus, a, um , = reddish-purple
purpurascens , = becoming purple
purpuratus, a, um , = purple
purpureus, a, um , = purple
pusillus, a, um , = insignificant
pycnocephalus, a, um , = with heads arranged in dense clusters
pygmaeus, a, um , = dwarf
pyramidalis, e , = pyramidal
pyramidatus, a, um , = in the form of a pyramid
pyropaeus, a, um , = fire-coloured
quadrivalvis , = with four valves
quadrivulnerus, a, um , = four-cut
quinqueflorus, a, um , = with five flowers
quinquefolius, a, um , = with five leaves
racemosus, a, um , = with flowers borne in racemes
radiatus, a, um , = radiate
ramosissimus, a, um , = much branched
ramosus, a, um , = branched
refractus, a, um , = broken
regius, a, um , = kingly
repandus, a, um , = with a wavy margin
reticulatus,m a, um , = covered with a network of veins
retroflexus, a, um , = reflexed
retrofractus, a, um , = bent backwards
retusus, a, um , = notched slightly at the apex
rhombifolius, a, um , = with equilateral, oblique-angled leaves
rhombipetalus, a, um , = with equilateral, oblique-angled petals
rhomboideus, a, um , = shaped like a rhomboid
rigidulus, a, um , = somewhat rigid
ringens , = open-mouthed
rivularis, e , = found growing beside brooks
robustus, a, um , = robust
rosella , = with the leaves in a small rosette
roseus, a, um , = rose-coloured
rotatus, a, um , = wheel-shaped
rotundatus, a, um , = rounded
rotundifolius, a, um , = with round leaves
rubens , = red
ruber, ra, rum , = red
rubicundus, a, um , = red
rubiginosus, a, um , = rusty-red
rubricalyx , = with a red calyx
rudis, e , = wild
rugosus, a, um , = wrinkled
rupicola , = found growing on rocks or cliffs
rusticus, a, um , = from the country
sacrorum , = sacred
sagitatus, a, um , = arrow-shaped
sanctus, a, um , = holy
sanguineus, a, um , = blood-red
sativus, a, um , = cultivated
saxatilis, e , = found growing among rocks
scaber, ra, rum , = rough
scabridus, a, um , = somewhat rough
scandens , = climbing
scapigerus, a, um , = scape-bearing
scoparius, a, um , = like a twig broom
scutellatus, a, um , = shaped like a small platter
segetalis, e , = from corn fields
segetum , = from corn fields
semiplenus, a, um , = with semi-double flowers
semperflorens , = ever-flowering
sempervirens , = evergreen
septentrionalis, e , = from the North
setifolius, a, um , = with leaves covered with bristles
serotinus, a, um , = produced late in the season
serpentinus, a, um , = serpentine
serratus, a, um , = saw-toothed
serrulatus, a, um , = somewhat saw-toothed
setigerus, a, um , = bearing bristles
setosus, a, um , = bristly
signatus, a, um , = marked
simplex , = unbranched
simplicifolius, a, um , = with simple leaves
sinuatus, a, um , = with a wavy margin
skirrobasis , = hard-based
somniferus, a, um , = sleep-bringing
sparteus, a, um , = pertaining to broom
spatiosus, a, um , = large
speciossimus, a, um , = very showy
speciosus, a, um , = showy
spectabilis, e , = spectacular
speculum , = a mirror
spicatus, a, um , = bearing spikes
spinosus, a, um , = spiny
splendens , = splendid
spurius, a, um , = false
squamigerus, a, um , = scale-bearing
squarrosus, a, um , = rough or scurfy, with spreading processes
stellaris, e , = star-like
stellatus, a, um , = with spreading, star-like rays
stenanthus, a, um , = with narrow flowers
sterilis, e , = sterile
stipularis, e , = furnished with stipules
striatus, a, um , = striped or fluted
strictus, a, um , = erect
strigosus, a, um , = covered with rough hairs
strigulosus, a, um , = somewhat strigose
strumosus, a, um , = scrofulous
stylosus, a, um , = with prominent styles
suaveolens , = sweet-scented
subaxillaris, e , = below the axil
subcarnosus, a, um , = rather fleshy
suberectus, a, um , = somewhat erect
subnudus, a, um , = nearly nude
subumbellatus, a, um , = somewhat umbellate
succulentus, a, um , = fleshy
suffruticosus, a, um , = somewhat shrubby
sulphureus, a, um , = sulphur-yellow
superbissimus, a, um , = most superb
superbus, a, um , = superb
supinus, a, um , = lying on its back
sylvaticus, a, um , = found growing in woods
sylvestris, e , = found wild
tenellus, a, um , = delicate, tender
tenuiflorus, a, um , = with slender flowers
tenuiflolius, a, um , = with slender leaves
tenuilobus, a, um , = with slender lobes
tenuior , = more slender
tereticaulis, e , = with the stem cylindrical, or nearly so
ternatus, a, um , = set in threes
tetrapterus, a, um , = four-winged
thermalis, e , = found growing by warm springs
thyrsiflorus, a, um , = with flowers arranged in a thyrse
thyrsoideus, a, um , = thyrse-like
tigrinus, a, um , = striped like a tiger
tinctorius, a, um , = used in dyeing
tomentosus, a, um , = covered with fine, matted hairs
tonsus, a, um , = cropped
torulosus, a, um , = somewhat cylindrical, with contractions or swellings at intervals along the length
trachyspermus, a, um , = with rough seeds
triangularis, e , = with three angles
trichocalyx , = with a hairy calyx
trichophyllus, a, um , = with leaves divided into hair-like segments
trichospermus, a, um , = with hairy seeds
tricolor , = in three colours
trifidus, a, um , = three-cleft
trilobatus, a, um , = three-lobed
trimaculatus, a, um , = three-spotted
trimestris, e , = of three months
triornithophorum , = bearing three birds
tripartitus, a, um , = three-parted
triphyllus, a, um , = with three leaves
tripinnatus, a, um , = three-pinnate
tripteris , = three-winged
triquetrus, a, um , = having three acute angles
tristachyus, a, um , = three-spiked
tristis, e , = dull
truncatus, a, um , = cut off square at the end
tuberosus, a, um , = tuberous
tubulosus, a, um , = with tubes, approaching a hollow cylinder
umbellatus, a, um , = with umbels
umbrosus, a, um , = found growing in shady places
undulatus, a, um , = wavy
unguiculatus, a, um , = furnished with a claw
uniserialis, e , = arranged in one row
urens , = stinging
usitatissimus, a, um , = most ordinary
utriculosus, a, um , = bladder-like
variabilis, e , = variable
variegatus, a, um , = variegated
varius, a, um , = diverse
venustus, a, um , = charming
vernalis, e , = flowering in spring
vernus, a, um , = flowering in spring
verrucosus, a, um , = covered with warts
versicolor , = changing color
verticillatus, a, um , = whorled
vesicarius, a, um , = bladder-like
villosus, a, um , = covered with soft hairs
vimineus, a, um , = bearing long flexible branches
vinosus, a, um , = wine-coloured
violaceus, a, um , = violet
violescens , = becoming violet
virens , = green
virgatus, a, um , = with long, straight shoots
viridescens , = becoming green
viscidi-hirtus, a, um , = sticky-hairy
viscidus, a, um , = sticky
viscosissimus, a, um , = very sticky
viscosus, a, um , = sticky
volcanicus, a, um , = found growing on laval rocks
vulgaris, e , = common
zebrinus, a, um , = zebra-striped

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