The decline of feral and domestic honey bee colonies during the mid-nineties due to Varroa and tracheal mites or to misuse of pesticides in agriculture, has turned the attention of recreational gardeners to attracting and preserving our native bees. There are a number of steps that each gardener can implement to do this.
1. Add another 100 nectar and/or pollen producing plants to your property every year (examples of pollen producing plants include sunflowers, cosmos, blanket flowers, and black-eyed susans),
2.. construct and install nest sites for bumblebees and solitary bees,
3. learn to identify beneficial insects and their nest sites, especially the bees , digger wasps, and hunting wasps.
4. teach children to love pollinators, with your knowledge and by setting a good example, and finally,
5. become a keeper yourself -- make your own property into a haven for beneficial creatures.
The purpose of this page is to list references about native pollinators which are available to you through inter-library loan, mailing lists on the internet that you can monitor, and resources to be found on the WWW.
ISBN: 0-8160-1992-4 O'Toole, Christopher and Raw, Anthony Bees of the World, 1991 h 192p This is the easiest and most fascinating read for the beginning hobbyist.
ISBN: 0-951-02423-x Sladen, F.W.L. The Humble-Bee This is perhaps the best starter book on bumblebees.
ISBN: 0-521-25975-4 Prys-Jones, Oliver E Bumblebees
Bogatyrev, Dr. Nickolaj, Applied Ecology of Bumblebees, (Novosibirsk, Russia, 2001 - 160pp.) - bilingual
ISBN: 0-870-81621-7 Carol A. Kearns, James D. Thomson The Natural History of Bumblebees, A Sourcebook for Investigations, Univ. Press of Colorado, 2001
ISBN: 0-444-19733-8 Andrewes, Christopher The Lives of Wasps and Bees
ISBN: 0-720-70252-6 Vesey-Fitzgerald, B. The Worlds of Ants, Bees, and Wasps
Borror, Donald J, Peterson Field Guides - Insects
ISBN: 0-817-22541-2 Ogawa, Hiroshi The Potter Wasp
ISBN: 0-941-13049-5 Crompton, John The Hunting Wasp
Hutchins, Ross E The Carpenter Bee
Krombein, Karl V. Trap-nesting Wasps and Bees
ISBN: 0-472-00118-3 Evans, Howard E. The Wasps
ISBN: 0-844-80560-2 Spoczynska, Joy O The world of the Wasp
ISBN: 0-706-70138-0 Alford, D. V. Bumblebees
Free, JB & Butler, CG Bumblebees
ISBN: 0-674-08581-7 Heinrich, Bernd Bumblebee Economics, 1979, s 245
ISBN: 0-9635841-1-1 Griffin, Brian L. The Orchard Mason Bee, 1993, s 69
ISBN: 0-9635841-3-8 Griffin, Brian L. Humblebee Bumblebee, 1997, s 111
ISBN: 0-472-06515-7 Dunn, Gary A Insects of the Great Lakes Region, 1996, s 324
ISBN: 0-674-81175-5 Michener, Charles D The Social Behavior of the Bees, 1974, h 404
ISBN: 0-521-26236-4 Roubik, D. W. Ecology and Natural History of Tropical Bees, 1989, h/s 514
ISBN: 0-521-25975-4 Prys-Jones, O.E. et al Bumblebees, 2nd Ed, 1991, s 92
ISBN: 0-88192-352-4 Proctor, Michael, et al The Natural History of Pollination, 1996, h 479
ISBN: 0-12-479740-7 Matheson, Andrew et al The Conservation of Bees
ISBN: 1-559-63352-2 Buchmann, Stephen L. et al The Forgotten Pollinators, 1996, h 292
ISBN: 1-559-63475-8 Daily, Gretchen C. Nature's Services: societal dependence on natural ecosystems, h 392
All of the books on the above list can be obtained from your local library. Each of them has an extensive bibliography which will lead serious students to the rest of the literature on these topics.
Bombus-L (Biology of Bumble Bees Discussion Group) Volume is low and discussions between biologists (internationally situated) are usually quite technical in nature. Lurking hobbyists can get an idea of the latest research and listen in on discussions about commercial crop use of bumblebees. To subscribe, send the message to firstname.lastname@example.org with SUB BOMBUS-L in the body of the message. To delete your subscription, send the message to email@example.com with SIGNOFF BOMBUS-L in the body of the message. To get a list of available archives, send the message INDEX BOMBUS-L
Socinsct-L (Social Insect Biology Research) Volume is low and discussions are usually technical in nature. Subscribe by mailing Listserv@uacsc2.albany.edu with the following words as the sole content of the message body: Subscribe SOCINSCT-L (your full name)
Bee-L (Honey Bee Biology) Volume is high and discussions are usually about beekeeping. Subscribe by mailing Listserv@uacsc2.albany.edu with the following words as the sole content of the message body: Subscribe BEE-L (your name)
Plants of interest to bumblebees
Construction of Nest-Boxes for Bumblebees
Here are some links to other interesting insect sites found at http://website.lineone.net/~ammophila
The Bumblebee Pages at http://www.mearns.org.uk/mrssmith/bees/bees.htm Quite a detailed and clear account of bumblebee biology and natural history (mostly for the common species found in the NE Scotland).
http://www.angus.co.uk/iussi/index.html UK branch of the International Union for the Study of Social Insects .
British Entomological and Natural History Site at http://benhs.org.uk/benhs.html
http://www.pollination.com/ - This is a commercial site, but has a lot of good information on pollinators and pollination.
"A technique for year-round rearing of Bombus terrestris (Apidae Bombini) colonies in captivity" by P. F. Roseler (1985) Apidologie 16(2): 165-170
"Year-round production of Bumble Bee colonies for crop pollination" by C. Van Steemert, A. De Rujiter, J. Van Den Eijnde and J. Van Der Steen (1990) Bee World 71(2): 54-56
"Why bumble bees?" by K. S. Delaplane (1995) American Bee Journal 135:459-460
"Bumble beekeeping: The queen starter box" by K. S. Delaplane (1995) American Bee Journal 135:743-745
"Bumble beekeeping: Inducing queens to nest in captivity" by K. S. Delaplane (1996) American Bee Journal 136:42-43
"Bumble beekeeping: Handling mature colonies, mating queens" by K. S. Delaplane (1996) ABJ 136:105-106
"Helping Bumble Bees with Bombus next boxes" by P. Munn (1998) Bee World Vol. 79, Nr. 1:45-48
"Bumble Bees - For Pleasure and Profit" edited by Andrew Matheson (1996) Internation Bee Research Association, ISBN 0-86098-221-1